Yıl: 2009 Cilt: 18 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 55 - 83 Metin Dili: İngilizce İndeks Tarihi: 29-07-2022

Whole rock and mineral chemistry of ultramafic-mafic cumulates from the Orhaneli (Bursa) ophiolite, NW Anatolia

Öz:
İzmir-Ankara-Erzincan Kenet Zonu’nun (İAEKZ) batı kısmında, Bursa’nın güneyinde bulunan Orhaneli ofiyoliti, manto-kabuk geçiş zonuna ait başlıca ultramafik kümülatlardan ve daha az mafik kümülatlardan oluşur. Kümülat istif, kümülat dunitler ile başlar. Yer yer değişik kalınlıktaki kromitit seviyelerle ardalanmalıdır. Dunitik kümülatlar, başta verlitler olmak üzere magmatik tabakalanma sunarken bazen iki piroksenli kümülat peridotitlerle (yer yer harzburjitlerle geçişli lerzolit) ardalı magmatik seviyeler oluşturur. Ultramafik kümülatlarla en az üç kez ardalanmalı ince gabro seviyelerinin izlenmesi, kümülatların oluşumunda magma odasının bazaltik akışkanlar tarafından periyodik olarak (magmatik döngü) beslendiğini gösterir. Mafik-ultramafik kümülatların petrografik özelliklerine göre bu kayaçların oluşumunda etkili olan kristalizasyon sırasının iki şekilde olduğu anlaşılmıştır: (1) sp-ol-cpx-plag (kromitit, dunit, verlit, piroksenit, gabro), ve (2) sp-ol-cpx-opx-plag (kromitit, dunit, verlit, lerzolit, harzburjit, piroksenit, gabro). Jeokimyasal verilere göre K, Sr, Rb, Ba elementleri (LILE) bazik kayaçların (katmanlı gabrolar, izole diyabaz dayklar) okyanus tabanı hidrotermal alterasyona maruz kalmasından dolayı değişken bir dağılım sunarken Th elementinde zenginleşmenin ve HFS elementlerininde (Ti, Nb, Zr, Y) tüketilmenin izlenmesi Orhaneli ofiyolitinin dalma-batma zonu üstü (supra-subduction zone) tektonik ortamda oluştuğunu gösterir. Kümülat gabrolar, düşük TiO2 (<%1) ve Zr (<50 ppm) ve çok düşük TiO2 (<%0.2) ve Zr (<8 ppm) içerikleri sergilerken, izole diyabazların TiO2 (%0.72–0.93) ve Zr (<55 ppm) içeriği düşüktür. Mafik-ultramafik kümülatlardaki olivin $(Fo_{81-93})$, klinopiroksen (Mg#83–94), ortopiroksen (Mg#77–92), plajiyoklas $(An_{86-99})$ ve Cr-spinel (Cr#0.40–0.73) bileşimi SSZ-tipi ofiyolitlerini işaret eder. Arazi ve petrokimyasal çalışmalar, Orhaneli ofiyolitinin İAEKZ boyunca gözlenen diğer Neotetis ofiyolitleri gibi Neotetis okyanusunun kuzey kolunda, okyanus içi dalma-batma zonu sistemi içerisinde, yay önü tektonik ortamda ada yayı toleyit (IAT) ve/veya boninit benzeri magmadan oluştuğunu göstermektedir.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA SARIFAKIOĞLU E, ÖZEN H, WINCHESTER J (2009). Whole rock and mineral chemistry of ultramafic-mafic cumulates from the Orhaneli (Bursa) ophiolite, NW Anatolia. , 55 - 83.
Chicago SARIFAKIOĞLU Ender,ÖZEN Hayrettin,WINCHESTER John A. Whole rock and mineral chemistry of ultramafic-mafic cumulates from the Orhaneli (Bursa) ophiolite, NW Anatolia. (2009): 55 - 83.
MLA SARIFAKIOĞLU Ender,ÖZEN Hayrettin,WINCHESTER John A. Whole rock and mineral chemistry of ultramafic-mafic cumulates from the Orhaneli (Bursa) ophiolite, NW Anatolia. , 2009, ss.55 - 83.
AMA SARIFAKIOĞLU E,ÖZEN H,WINCHESTER J Whole rock and mineral chemistry of ultramafic-mafic cumulates from the Orhaneli (Bursa) ophiolite, NW Anatolia. . 2009; 55 - 83.
Vancouver SARIFAKIOĞLU E,ÖZEN H,WINCHESTER J Whole rock and mineral chemistry of ultramafic-mafic cumulates from the Orhaneli (Bursa) ophiolite, NW Anatolia. . 2009; 55 - 83.
IEEE SARIFAKIOĞLU E,ÖZEN H,WINCHESTER J "Whole rock and mineral chemistry of ultramafic-mafic cumulates from the Orhaneli (Bursa) ophiolite, NW Anatolia." , ss.55 - 83, 2009.
ISNAD SARIFAKIOĞLU, Ender vd. "Whole rock and mineral chemistry of ultramafic-mafic cumulates from the Orhaneli (Bursa) ophiolite, NW Anatolia". (2009), 55-83.
APA SARIFAKIOĞLU E, ÖZEN H, WINCHESTER J (2009). Whole rock and mineral chemistry of ultramafic-mafic cumulates from the Orhaneli (Bursa) ophiolite, NW Anatolia. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(1), 55 - 83.
Chicago SARIFAKIOĞLU Ender,ÖZEN Hayrettin,WINCHESTER John A. Whole rock and mineral chemistry of ultramafic-mafic cumulates from the Orhaneli (Bursa) ophiolite, NW Anatolia. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 18, no.1 (2009): 55 - 83.
MLA SARIFAKIOĞLU Ender,ÖZEN Hayrettin,WINCHESTER John A. Whole rock and mineral chemistry of ultramafic-mafic cumulates from the Orhaneli (Bursa) ophiolite, NW Anatolia. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, vol.18, no.1, 2009, ss.55 - 83.
AMA SARIFAKIOĞLU E,ÖZEN H,WINCHESTER J Whole rock and mineral chemistry of ultramafic-mafic cumulates from the Orhaneli (Bursa) ophiolite, NW Anatolia. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences. 2009; 18(1): 55 - 83.
Vancouver SARIFAKIOĞLU E,ÖZEN H,WINCHESTER J Whole rock and mineral chemistry of ultramafic-mafic cumulates from the Orhaneli (Bursa) ophiolite, NW Anatolia. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences. 2009; 18(1): 55 - 83.
IEEE SARIFAKIOĞLU E,ÖZEN H,WINCHESTER J "Whole rock and mineral chemistry of ultramafic-mafic cumulates from the Orhaneli (Bursa) ophiolite, NW Anatolia." Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18, ss.55 - 83, 2009.
ISNAD SARIFAKIOĞLU, Ender vd. "Whole rock and mineral chemistry of ultramafic-mafic cumulates from the Orhaneli (Bursa) ophiolite, NW Anatolia". Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 18/1 (2009), 55-83.