Yıl: 2023 Cilt: 28 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 6 - 14 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 10.17986/blm.1607 İndeks Tarihi: 30-05-2023

Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale-2 Turkish Reliability and Validity Study

Öz:
Objective: This paper aims to adapt Gudjonsson suggestibility scale-2 (GSS-2) which is an objective measurement for measuring individuals susceptibility to interrogative suggestibility into Turkish. Methods: GSS-2 scale translated into Turkish and then backtranslated. Then form is applied to 175 participant whose age ranged from 19 to 36. GSS-2 applied to participants by the researchers. In GSS-2 a story regarding to bicycle accident read to the participants. GSS-2 include immediate recall and delayed recall which is after 45 minutes and formal questioning part which include suggestible questions and negative feedback part. Participants answer the questions about the story they heard during the study. Participants also filled the dissociative experiences scale, submissive act scale, and cognitive failure questionnaire for construct validity. Statistical analysis were performed using SPSS 21 and Lisrel 8.80. Results: Results of the descriptive analysis showed that the mean score for accurate information recalled and confabulation after immediate recall is 14.99 and 3.23 respectively. For the delay recalled mean score for the accurate information is found 14.42 and 4.03 for confabulation after delayed recalled. For suggestibility scores mean scores are found to be 5.25 for yield 1 score; 6.66 for yield 2 score; 4.1 for shift score and the mean score for the total suggestibility is 9.35. The cronbach alpha values of the subscales of the scale were calculated 0.713 for yield 1, 0.812 for yield 2, 0.600 for shift score. Confirmatory factor analysis failed that yield 1 factor found to be unidimensional in accordance with the original, however, shift factor did not show unidimensional properties, that some questions did not fit the factor structure.. There was no significant relationship between GSS-2 scores and the other scales determined for construct validity. Conclusion: The results are discussed in comparison with GSS-2 adaptations in different languages. The study results suggest that culture and language factors may be effective in witness memory and suggestibility. There is need for further studies regarding to Turkish form of GSS-2.
Anahtar Kelime:

Gudjonsson Yönlendirilebilirlik Ölçeği-2’nin Türkçe Geçerlilik ve Güvenirlilik Çalışması

Öz:
Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı bireylerin sorgu sırasında karşılaşabilecekleri yönlendirici sorulara ve sosyal yönlendirmelere karşı yatkınlıklarını ölçmek amacıyla objektif bir ölçüm aracı olarak geliştirilen Gudjonsson yönlendirilebilirlik ölçeği-2’nin (GSS-2) Türkçe’ye uyarlanmasını gerçekleştirmektir. Yöntem: GSS-2 ölçeği orijinal dili olan İngilizce’den Türkçe’ye çevrilmiş, daha sonra geri çeviri ile Türkçe’den İngilizce’ye çevrilmiştir. Ölçek 19-36 yaş aralığında 175 kişiye uygulanmıştır. Bir bisiklet kazasına ilişkin öyküyü dinleyen katılımcılar dinledikten hemen sonra ve 45 dakika sonra hatırladıkları bilgilere ilişkin serbest anlatımda bulunmuşlardır. Daha sonra yönlendirici soruların ve olumsuz geri bildirimde bulunulan kısımdaki kapalı uçlu soruları yanıtlamışlardır. Aynı zaman yapı geçerliliğinin test edilebilmesi için dissosiyatif yaşantılar ölçeği, boyun eğici davranış ölçeği ve bilişsel hata ölçeğini katılımcıların öz bildirimine dayalı bir biçimde doldurulmuştur. İstatistiksel analizler SPSS 21 ve Lisrel 8.80 ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. Bulgular: Betimsel analiz sonucu, hemen geri çağrılmadaki doğru bilgi ve konfabulasyonun ortalamasını sırayla 14,99 ve 3,23 olarak bulmuştur. Gecikmeli hatırlama için doğru bilgi 14,42 ve konfabülasyon 4,03 olarak tespit edilmiştir. Yönlendirmeye ilişkin puanlarda kabul 1 (yield 1) için ortalama 5,25; kabul 2 (yield 2) için ortalama 6,66; değişim (Shift) puanlaması için ortalama 4,1 ve toplam yölendirilebilirlik için ortalama 9,35 olarak bulunmuştur. Ölçeğin alt boyutlarının cronbach alfa değerleri yield 1, yield 2 ve shift için sırasıyla 0,713, 0,812, 0,600 olarak hesaplanmıştır. Doğrulayıcı faktör analizi, kabul 1 faktörünün orijinal ölçekle uyumlu olarak tek boyutlu olduğu, ancak değişim faktörünün tek boyutlu özellikler göstermediği, bazı soruların faktör yapısına uymadığı sonucuna varmıştır. GSS-2 puanları ile yapı geçerliği için belirlenen ölçekler arasında anlamlı bir ilişki bulunmamıştır. Sonuç: Bulgular farklı dillerdeki adaptasyon çalışmalarından elde edilen veriler ışığında karşılaştırılmıştır. Ölçek ile ilgili edinilen bulgular dil ve kültür farklılığının önemli olduğu göstermektedir. Ölçeğin kullanımı için norm çalışmalarına ihtiyaç vardır.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA ILDIRIM E, Ziyalar N (2023). Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale-2 Turkish Reliability and Validity Study. , 6 - 14. 10.17986/blm.1607
Chicago ILDIRIM Ezgi,Ziyalar Neylan Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale-2 Turkish Reliability and Validity Study. (2023): 6 - 14. 10.17986/blm.1607
MLA ILDIRIM Ezgi,Ziyalar Neylan Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale-2 Turkish Reliability and Validity Study. , 2023, ss.6 - 14. 10.17986/blm.1607
AMA ILDIRIM E,Ziyalar N Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale-2 Turkish Reliability and Validity Study. . 2023; 6 - 14. 10.17986/blm.1607
Vancouver ILDIRIM E,Ziyalar N Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale-2 Turkish Reliability and Validity Study. . 2023; 6 - 14. 10.17986/blm.1607
IEEE ILDIRIM E,Ziyalar N "Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale-2 Turkish Reliability and Validity Study." , ss.6 - 14, 2023. 10.17986/blm.1607
ISNAD ILDIRIM, Ezgi - Ziyalar, Neylan. "Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale-2 Turkish Reliability and Validity Study". (2023), 6-14. https://doi.org/10.17986/blm.1607
APA ILDIRIM E, Ziyalar N (2023). Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale-2 Turkish Reliability and Validity Study. Adli Tıp Bülteni, 28(1), 6 - 14. 10.17986/blm.1607
Chicago ILDIRIM Ezgi,Ziyalar Neylan Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale-2 Turkish Reliability and Validity Study. Adli Tıp Bülteni 28, no.1 (2023): 6 - 14. 10.17986/blm.1607
MLA ILDIRIM Ezgi,Ziyalar Neylan Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale-2 Turkish Reliability and Validity Study. Adli Tıp Bülteni, vol.28, no.1, 2023, ss.6 - 14. 10.17986/blm.1607
AMA ILDIRIM E,Ziyalar N Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale-2 Turkish Reliability and Validity Study. Adli Tıp Bülteni. 2023; 28(1): 6 - 14. 10.17986/blm.1607
Vancouver ILDIRIM E,Ziyalar N Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale-2 Turkish Reliability and Validity Study. Adli Tıp Bülteni. 2023; 28(1): 6 - 14. 10.17986/blm.1607
IEEE ILDIRIM E,Ziyalar N "Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale-2 Turkish Reliability and Validity Study." Adli Tıp Bülteni, 28, ss.6 - 14, 2023. 10.17986/blm.1607
ISNAD ILDIRIM, Ezgi - Ziyalar, Neylan. "Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale-2 Turkish Reliability and Validity Study". Adli Tıp Bülteni 28/1 (2023), 6-14. https://doi.org/10.17986/blm.1607