Yıl: 2021 Cilt: 6 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 5 - 16 Metin Dili: İngilizce

Determinants of Economic Complexity in MENA Countries

Öz:
Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries lag behind most of the emerging economies in terms of economic complexity. This study contributes to the literature by exploring the determinants of economic complexity in the MENA region for the period between 1970-2015 by employing a system GMM approach. The findings reveal that human capital is positively associated with economic complexity. However, natural resource rent has a negative influence on economic complexity, supporting the existence of Dutch disease for this country group. The results also indicate that the effect of natural resource rents on economic complexity depends on the accumulation of human capital
Anahtar Kelime: Economic growth Economic complexity System GMM MENA

MENA Ülkelerinde Ekonomik Kompleksitenin Belirleyicileri

Öz:
Orta Doğu ve Kuzey Afrika (MENA) ülkeleri, ekonomik kompleksite açısından gelişmekte olan ekonomilerin çoğunun gerisinde kalmaktadır. Bu çalışma, 1970-2015 döneminde MENA bölgesi ülkelerinde ekonomik kompleksitenin belirleyicilerini sistem GMM yaklaşımı kullanarak araştırarak literatüre katkı sağlamaktadır. Bulgular, beşeri sermayenin ekonomik kompleksite ile pozitif olarak ilişkili olduğunu göstermektedir. Ancak, doğal kaynak rantının ekonomik kompleksite üzerinde olumsuz bir etkisi vardır. Bu da bu ülke grubu için Hollanda hastalığının varlığını doğrulamaktadır. Sonuçlar ayrıca, doğal kaynak rantlarının ekonomik kompleksite üzerindeki etkisinin beşeri sermaye birikimine bağlı olduğunu göstermektedir.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA YALTA A, YALTA T (2021). Determinants of Economic Complexity in MENA Countries. Journal of emerging economies and policy (Online), 6(1), 5 - 16.
Chicago YALTA A. Yasemin,YALTA Talha Determinants of Economic Complexity in MENA Countries. Journal of emerging economies and policy (Online) 6, no.1 (2021): 5 - 16.
MLA YALTA A. Yasemin,YALTA Talha Determinants of Economic Complexity in MENA Countries. Journal of emerging economies and policy (Online), vol.6, no.1, 2021, ss.5 - 16.
AMA YALTA A,YALTA T Determinants of Economic Complexity in MENA Countries. Journal of emerging economies and policy (Online). 2021; 6(1): 5 - 16.
Vancouver YALTA A,YALTA T Determinants of Economic Complexity in MENA Countries. Journal of emerging economies and policy (Online). 2021; 6(1): 5 - 16.
IEEE YALTA A,YALTA T "Determinants of Economic Complexity in MENA Countries." Journal of emerging economies and policy (Online), 6, ss.5 - 16, 2021.