Yıl: 2008 Cilt: 17 Sayı: 3 Sayfa Aralığı: 615 - 635 Metin Dili: İngilizce İndeks Tarihi: 29-07-2022

Stratigraphic and structural evidence for fault reactivation: The active Manisa fay zone, western Anatolia

Öz:
Bu çalışmada, Manisa fay zonu’nun batı kesiminin evrimiyle bağlantılı olarak yeniden hareketlenmeye (reaktivasyona) işaret eden stratigrafik ve yapısal verilerin sunulması amaçlanmıştır. Manisa fay zonu Gediz Grabeni’nin devamı niteliğindeki Manisa havzası’nın güney kenarını denetleyen jeomorfolojik olarak belirgin kuzeye eğimli bir dağ önü fay zonudur. Manisa fay zonu, batı ucunda, sol kademeli üç fay segmenti içerir. Her bir segment uydu görüntüsü ve topoğrafik haritalardan kolaylıkla tanınabilen sarp topoğrafik şevlerle karakterize olur. Fay sarplıkları birkaç metre ile birkaç yüz metre arasında değişir. Her fay segmenti ortalama 3 km uzunluğundadır ve zigzag şekilli olan toplam fay uzunluğu 10 km’dir. Fay segmentleri birleşerek aralarında aktarım rampalarının oluşumunu sağlamıştır. Bu tip fay geometrileri verev hareketin gözlendiği eskiden oluşmuş yapıların yeniden aktif hale geçtiği bölgelerde oluşurken, fay segmentleri üzerindeki üç farklı yönelime sahip fay çizikleri bu yorumun en önemli verilerini oluştururlar. Burada, iki farklı doğrultu-atım yönelimine sahip fay çizikleri, eğim-atım yönelimli çizikler tarafından kesilmektedir. Fay zonlarındaki kinematik göstergeler kayma yönünün sistematik olarak değiştiğini de göstermektedir. Bunun yanında, Manisa fay zonu’nun bölgesel genişleme doğrultusuna dik olan orta kesimlerinde yaklaşık saf eğim-atım hareketi oluşurken, fay zonunun bitim yerlerinde verev atım hareketi tanımlanmıştır. Sonuç olarak, Manisa fay zonu Miyosen’den beri en az üç kez hareket etmiştir: (i) D–B uzanımlı Miyosen–Erken Pliyosen yaşlı sıkışma evresinde sol doğrultu atımlı faylanma oluşumu, (ii) KD–GB uzanımlı Pliyo–Kuvaterner genişleme evresinde fayın batı ucunda sağ verev atımlı faylanma oluşumu, (iii) KD–GB uzanımlı genişleme tektonik rejiminde Manisa fay zonu’nun yeniden aktif hale geçerek yaklaşık saf eğim atımlı faylanma şeklinde işlemesi. Yukarıda belirtilen arazi verilerine göre, Batı Anadolu’daki D–B uzanımlı normal faylar Miyosen’den beri farklı gerilme rejimlerinde oluşup, yeniden hareket kazanmışlar ve eski çalışmaların aksine bu fayların basit bir K–G genişlemeyle oluşamayacağını göstermektedir.
Anahtar Kelime:

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APA Özkaymak Ç, Sözbilir H (2008). Stratigraphic and structural evidence for fault reactivation: The active Manisa fay zone, western Anatolia. , 615 - 635.
Chicago Özkaymak Çağlar,Sözbilir Hasan Stratigraphic and structural evidence for fault reactivation: The active Manisa fay zone, western Anatolia. (2008): 615 - 635.
MLA Özkaymak Çağlar,Sözbilir Hasan Stratigraphic and structural evidence for fault reactivation: The active Manisa fay zone, western Anatolia. , 2008, ss.615 - 635.
AMA Özkaymak Ç,Sözbilir H Stratigraphic and structural evidence for fault reactivation: The active Manisa fay zone, western Anatolia. . 2008; 615 - 635.
Vancouver Özkaymak Ç,Sözbilir H Stratigraphic and structural evidence for fault reactivation: The active Manisa fay zone, western Anatolia. . 2008; 615 - 635.
IEEE Özkaymak Ç,Sözbilir H "Stratigraphic and structural evidence for fault reactivation: The active Manisa fay zone, western Anatolia." , ss.615 - 635, 2008.
ISNAD Özkaymak, Çağlar - Sözbilir, Hasan. "Stratigraphic and structural evidence for fault reactivation: The active Manisa fay zone, western Anatolia". (2008), 615-635.
APA Özkaymak Ç, Sözbilir H (2008). Stratigraphic and structural evidence for fault reactivation: The active Manisa fay zone, western Anatolia. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 17(3), 615 - 635.
Chicago Özkaymak Çağlar,Sözbilir Hasan Stratigraphic and structural evidence for fault reactivation: The active Manisa fay zone, western Anatolia. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 17, no.3 (2008): 615 - 635.
MLA Özkaymak Çağlar,Sözbilir Hasan Stratigraphic and structural evidence for fault reactivation: The active Manisa fay zone, western Anatolia. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, vol.17, no.3, 2008, ss.615 - 635.
AMA Özkaymak Ç,Sözbilir H Stratigraphic and structural evidence for fault reactivation: The active Manisa fay zone, western Anatolia. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences. 2008; 17(3): 615 - 635.
Vancouver Özkaymak Ç,Sözbilir H Stratigraphic and structural evidence for fault reactivation: The active Manisa fay zone, western Anatolia. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences. 2008; 17(3): 615 - 635.
IEEE Özkaymak Ç,Sözbilir H "Stratigraphic and structural evidence for fault reactivation: The active Manisa fay zone, western Anatolia." Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 17, ss.615 - 635, 2008.
ISNAD Özkaymak, Çağlar - Sözbilir, Hasan. "Stratigraphic and structural evidence for fault reactivation: The active Manisa fay zone, western Anatolia". Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 17/3 (2008), 615-635.